Christ's Object Lessons
by Ellen G. White
Chapter 1: Teaching in Parables
|"Consider the Lillies."—Davis Collection.|
In Christ's parable teaching the same principle is
seen as in His own mission to the world. That we might
become acquainted with His divine character and life,
Christ took our nature and dwelt among us. Divinity was
revealed in humanity; the invisible glory in the visible
human form. Men could learn of the unknown through
the known; heavenly things were revealed through the
earthly; God was made manifest in the likeness of men.
So it was in Christ's teaching: the unknown was illustrated
by the known; divine truths by earthly things with which
the people were most familiar.
The Scripture says, "All these things spake Jesus unto
the multitude in parables; . . . that it might be fulfilled
which was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open My
mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept
secret from the foundation of the world." Matt. 13:34, 35.
Natural things were the medium for the spiritual; the things
of nature and the life-experience of His hearers were
connected with the truths of the written word. Leading thus
from the natural to the spiritual kingdom, Christ's parables [p. 18] are links in the chain of truth that unites man with God,
and earth with heaven.
In His teaching from nature, Christ was speaking of
the things which His own hands had made, and which
had qualities and powers that He Himself had imparted.
In their original perfection all created things were an
expression of the thought of God. To Adam and Eve in
their Eden home nature was full of the knowledge of God,
teeming with divine instruction. Wisdom spoke to the
eye and was received into the heart; for they communed
with God in His created works. As soon as the holy pair
transgressed the law of the Most High, the brightness
from the face of God departed from the face of nature.
The earth is now marred and defiled by sin. Yet even
in its blighted state much that is beautiful remains. God's
object lessons are not obliterated; rightly understood,
nature speaks of her Creator.
In the days of Christ these lessons had been lost sight
of. Men had well-nigh ceased to discern God in His
works. The sinfulness of humanity had cast a pall over the
fair face of creation; and instead of manifesting God, His
works became a barrier that concealed Him. Men
"worshiped and served the creature more than the Creator."
Thus the heathen "became vain in their imaginations, and
their foolish heart was darkened." Rom. 1:25, 21. So in
Israel, man's teaching had been put in the place of God's.
Not only the things of nature, but the sacrificial service and
the Scriptures themselves—all given to reveal God—were
so perverted that they became the means of concealing
Christ sought to remove that which obscured the truth.
The veil that sin has cast over the face of nature, He came [p. 19] to draw aside, bringing to view the spiritual glory that all
things were created to reflect. His words placed the
teachings of nature as well as of the Bible in a new
aspect, and made them a new revelation.
Jesus plucked the beautiful lily, and placed it in the
hands of children and youth; and as they looked into His
own youthful face, fresh with the sunlight of His Father's
countenance, He gave the lesson, "Consider the lilies of
the field, how they grow [in the simplicity of natural
beauty]; they toil not, neither do they spin; and yet I
say unto you, that even Solomon in all his glory was
not arrayed like one of these." Then followed the sweet
assurance and the important lesson, "Wherefore, if God so
clothe the grass of the field, which today is, and tomorrow
is cast into the oven, shall He not much more clothe you,
O ye of little faith?"
In the sermon on the mount these words were spoken
to others besides children and youth. They were spoken to
the multitude, among whom were men and women full of
worries and perplexities, and sore with disappointment and
sorrow. Jesus continued: "Therefore take no thought,
saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall we drink? or,
Wherewithal shall we be clothed? (for after all these things
do the Gentiles seek:) for your Heavenly Father knoweth
that ye have need of all these things." Then spreading
out His hands to the surrounding multitude, He said, "But
seek ye first the kingdom of God, and His righteousness;
and all these things shall be added unto you." Matt.
Thus Christ interpreted the message which He Himself
had given to the lilies and the grass of the field. He
desires us to read it in every lily and every spire of grass.
His words are full of assurance, and tend to confirm trust
in God. [p. 20]
So wide was Christ's view of truth, so extended His
teaching, that every phase of nature was employed in
illustrating truth. The scenes upon which the eye daily
rests were all connected with some spiritual truth, so that
nature is clothed with the parables of the Master.
In the earlier part of His ministry, Christ had spoken to
the people in words so plain that all His hearers might have
grasped truths which would make them wise unto salvation.
But in many hearts the truth had taken no root, and it had
been quickly caught away. "Therefore speak I to them
in parables." He said; "because they seeing see not; and
hearing they hear not, neither do they understand. . . .
For this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears are
dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed." Matt.
Jesus desired to awaken inquiry. He sought to arouse [p. 21] the careless, and impress truth upon the heart. Parable
teaching was popular, and commanded the respect and attention,
not only of the Jews, but of the people of other nations.
No more effective method of instruction could He have
employed. If His hearers had desired a knowledge of divine
things, they might have understood His words; for He was
always willing to explain them to the honest inquirer.
Again, Christ had truths to present which the people
were unprepared to accept or even to understand. For this
reason also He taught them in parables. By connecting
His teaching with the scenes of life, experience, or nature,
He secured their attention and impressed their hearts.
Afterward, as they looked upon the objects that illustrated
His lessons, they recalled the words of the divine Teacher.
To minds that were open to the Holy Spirit, the significance
of the Saviour's teaching unfolded more and more. Mysteries
grew clear, and that which had been hard to grasp
Jesus sought an avenue to every heart. By using
a variety of illustrations, He not only presented truth in its
different phases, but appealed to the different hearers.
Their interest was aroused by figures drawn from the
surroundings of their daily life. None who listened to the [p. 22] Saviour could feel that they were neglected or forgotten.
The humblest, the most sinful, heard in His teaching a
voice that spoke to them in sympathy and tenderness.
And He had another reason for teaching in parables.
Among the multitudes that gathered about Him, there were
priests and rabbis, scribes and elders, Herodians and
rulers, world-loving, bigoted, ambitious men, who desired
above all things to find some accusation against Him.
Their spies followed His steps day after day, to catch from
His lips something that would cause His condemnation,
and forever silence the One who seemed to draw the world
after Him. The Saviour understood the character of these
men, and He presented truth in such a way that they could
find nothing by which to bring His case before the Sanhedrim.
In parables He rebuked the hypocrisy and wicked
works of those who occupied high positions, and in figurative
language clothed truth of so cutting a character that
had it been spoken in direct denunciation, they would not
have listened to His words, and would speedily have put
an end to His ministry. But while He evaded the spies,
He made truth so clear that error was manifested, and the
honest in heart were profited by His lessons. Divine
wisdom, infinite grace, were made plain by the things
of God's creation. Through nature and the experiences
of life, men were taught of God. "The invisible things of
Him since the creation of the world," were "perceived
through the things that are made, even His everlasting
power and divinity." Rom. 1:20, R. V.
In the Saviour's parable teaching is an indication of
what constitutes the true "higher education." Christ might
have opened to men the deepest truths of science. He
might have unlocked mysteries which have required many
centuries of toil and study to penetrate. He might have
made suggestions in scientific lines that would have [p. 23] afforded food for thought and stimulus for invention to the
close of time. But He did not do this. He said nothing
to gratify curiosity, or to satisfy man's ambition by opening
doors to worldly greatness. In all His teaching, Christ
brought the mind of man in contact with the Infinite Mind.
He did not direct the people to study men's theories about
God, His word, or His works. He taught them to behold
Him as manifested in His works, in His word, and by His
Christ did not deal in abstract theories, but in that
which is essential to the development of character, that
which will enlarge man's capacity for knowing God, and
increase his efficiency to do good. He spoke to men of those
truths that relate to the conduct of life, and that take hold
It was Christ who directed the education of Israel.
Concerning the commandments and ordinances of the Lord
He said, "Thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children,
and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house,
and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest [p. 24] down, and when thou risest up. And thou shalt bind
them for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as
frontlets between thine eyes. And thou shalt write them
upon the posts of thy house, and on thy gates." Deut. 6:7-9.
In His own teaching, Jesus showed how this command is to
be fulfilled—how the laws and principles of God's kingdom
can be so presented as to reveal their beauty and preciousness.
When the Lord was training Israel to be the special
representatives of Himself, He gave them homes among the
hills and valleys. In their home life and their religious
service they were brought in constant contact with nature
and with the word of God. So Christ taught His disciples
by the lake, on the mountainside, in the fields and groves,
where they could look upon the things of nature by which
He illustrated His teachings. And as they learned of
Christ, they put their knowledge to use by co-operating
with Him in His work.
So through the creation we are to become acquainted
with the Creator. The book of nature is a great lesson
book, which in connection with the Scriptures we are to
use in teaching others of His character, and guiding lost
sheep back to the fold of God. As the works of God are
studied, the Holy Spirit flashes conviction into the mind.
It is not the conviction that logical reasoning produces; but
unless the mind has become too dark to know God, the
eye too dim to see Him, the ear too dull to hear His voice,
a deeper meaning is grasped, and the sublime, spiritual
truths of the written word are impressed on the heart.
In these lessons direct from nature, there is a simplicity
and purity that makes them of the highest value. All
need the teaching to be derived from this source. In itself
the beauty of nature leads the soul away from sin and
worldly attractions, and toward purity, peace, and God. [p. 25] Too often the minds of students are occupied with men's
theories and speculations, falsely called science and
philosophy. They need to be brought into close contact with
nature. Let them learn that creation and Christianity have
one God. Let them be taught to see the harmony of the
natural with the spiritual. Let everything which their eyes
see or their hands handle be made a lesson in character
building. Thus the mental powers will be strengthened,
the character developed, the whole life ennobled.
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copy of this enlightening book about the parables of Christ.
Christ's purpose in parable teaching was in direct
line with the purpose of the Sabbath. God gave to men the
memorial of His creative power, that they might discern
Him in the works of His hand. The Sabbath bids us
behold in His created works the glory of the Creator. And [p. 26] it was because He desired us to do this that Jesus bound
up His precious lessons with the beauty of natural things.
On the holy rest day, above all other days, we should study
the messages that God has written for us in nature. We
should study the Saviour's parables where He spoke them,
in the fields and groves, under the open sky, among the
grass and flowers. As we come close to the heart of nature,
Christ makes His presence real to us, and speaks to our
hearts of His peace and love.
And Christ has linked His teaching, not only with the
day of rest, but with the week of toil. He has wisdom for
him who drives the plow and sows the seed. In the
plowing and sowing, the tilling and reaping, He teaches
us to see an illustration of His work of grace in the heart.
So in every line of useful labor and every association of
life, He desires us to find a lesson of divine truth. Then
our daily toil will no longer absorb our attention and lead [p. 27] us to forget God; it will continually remind us of our
Creator and Redeemer. The thought of God will run like
a thread of gold through all our homely cares and occupations.
For us the glory of His face will again rest upon
the face of nature. We shall ever be learning new lessons
of heavenly truth, and growing into the image of His purity.
Thus shall we "be taught of the Lord"; and in the lot
wherein we are called, we shall "abide with God." Isa.
54:13; 1 Cor. 7:24.
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"The Sower Went Forth to Sow"